Delhi’s Medieval Wells and Baolis

The history of the baoli is well known: how it was built in the 14th century by the mystic and divine in opposition to the command of Ghiasuddin Tughlak, who was having his fortified city Tughlakabad, built. The baoli was a common enough addition to most medieval buildings even in Gujarat, UP and Rajasthan as it provided a place of refuge against the scorching heat. The water of the baoli is believed to have healing properties. The belief is that the water of the well will never dry up, for the spring from which it comes originates in the land of the Balishtiyas. There used to be several baolis in medieval times in Delhi but Mehrauli had the largest number.