Duarte Barbosa

Duarte Barbosa was a Portuguese factor at Cannanore and Cochin and had left behind an interesting account on trade and political events of the southeast including Bengal. By 1503, he had learnt Malay...

Domingo Paes : Portuguese Traveler

Domingo Paes a Portuguese traveler who visited Vijayanagar during the reign of its greatest ruler Krishnadeva Raya in 1520. Paes saw the glory of Vijayanagar and has written what he saw, without rela...

Abd-ur-Razzaq

    Abd-ur-Razzaq was the ambassador of Shah Rukh, the Timurid dynasty ruler of Persia to Calicut, India, from January 1442 to January 1445.He chronicled his mission to Indian in his book e...

Ibn Battutah

Ibn Baṭṭūṭah,  the greatest medieval traveler and the author of one of the most famous travel books, The Rihlah (Travels). Ibn Battuta travelled to  India via Afghanistan, where he had to cross the H...

Marco Polo

Marco Polo was the most famous traveller of his time. His voyages began in 1271 with a visit to China, after which he served the Kubilai Khan on numerous diplomatic missions. Marco Polo arrived  on t...

Al-Beruni (Parsia) (1024-1030 AD)

Accompanying  Ghazni at the time of his Indian raids, muslim scholar Al-Beruni visited India and travelled across. Known popularly as founder of Indology, his famous book was ‘Tahqiq-i-Hind’ which ex...

Al-Masudi (957 AD)

Arab traveller Al-Masudi was the first one to combine history and scientific geography in his book “Muruj-ul-Zehab”. Scripted by Dr. Sanjay Garg, Surya G Yadav and Suraj Andrews present the traveller...

I-Tsing (671-695 AD)

Chinese traveller visited India in connection with Buddhism and described the Buddhist practices in India. He received much acclaim on his return, but like his predecessor Hiuen-tsang, I-tsing devote...

Hiuen-Tsang (China) (630-645 AD)

At the time of Harshavardhana’s reign in India, foreign envoy Hiuen-Tsang reached India through Tashkent and Swat Valley. While in India, he wanted to visit all the sacred places connected with the l...

Fa-Hien (China) (405-411 AD)

Being the first Chinese pilgrim to visit India during Chandragupta II’s reign, Fa-Hien collected Buddhist texts and relics. He compiled his experiences in a travelogue ‘Record of Buddhist Kingdoms’. ...